Water is a very important source to Living creatures on the earth. Water is a necessary and everything for the human and other creatures.
Water covers 71% of the Earth’s surface. It is vital for all known forms of life. On Earth, 96.5% of the planet’s crust water is found in oceans, 1.7% in groundwater, 1.7% in glaciers and the ice caps of Antarctica and Greenland, a small fraction in other large water bodies, Only 2.5% of this water is freshwater, and 98.8% of that water is in ice and groundwater. Less than 0.3% of all freshwater is in rivers, lakes, and the atmosphere. A greater quantity of water is found in the earth’s interior.
we know the value of water for the human in every aspect of life. Our scientists have developed the system to refine and recycle the dirty water into drinkable and usable in various areas.
Here I am telling you about the water recycling process plant. how the dirty water recycled?
Before some time, Indian student name Chaitanya karamchedu has developed the process of recycling seawater in low budget. This discovery is noted by many scientists and organisations. Second student from Bangalore who developed the “lack water monitoring system” on Android app.
Gujarat is a only one state from India who planted up to date water recycling plant called “Tertiary treatment” plant in Surat.
Let’s see how this plant works..!!
What is tertiary treatment?
Tertiary means the process completed into three steps.
Primary Process: First of all the Suez canal water is transferred into the pre-settle basin in primary tank. And sludges and other stones gone bottom of the tank & the petroleum products like Grease, oils , kerosene comes the outer surface of the water because of its density, they never combine in each other. By mechanical scrapers the grease, oils has to be transferred to the treatment area. The process is used to remove oils and Grease is called “Saponification process”.
Secondary process: biological waste, detergent or other organic is treated. This is called as “bayota”. Oxygen is needed to grow the wastes. To remove this organic given the oxygen and they went to bottom of the tank. Removed this after from the water.
Tertiary process: in last step other remaining particles is removed by “sand filtration” process. Although we drop 500gram phosphorus as a urinal- latrine. Also in water there is nitrogen gas available! Final stage of refining, the nitrogen and phosphorus is differentiate by special methods. (Phosphorus is used for farming ). After doing all this process to remove “disinfected” water a clarification process occurs. Sometimes ultraviolet rays is used. To oxidize organic particles required oxygens flows into the water and then we found colourless, smell less Clean water.
Due to Steps of Industrialization around 80% of water growth is used!
Surat Mahanagar Palika planted this plant in cost of 80 crore rupees.
If any state not want to start this plant in 80 crore, they can go with Chaitanya karamchedu design of water recycling process.